Hilt types in Wiglaf's Weapon Widget

Images are not to scale. Yellow colouring indicates non-ferrous hilts, or areas of overlaid non-ferrous decoration (which could be gold, silver, or simple copper).

Petersen/Oakeshott types


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Illustration of hilt type 1

Hilt type 1

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 700
Latest date: 849
Decoration? Yes
Materials: Non-ferrous, or overlaid with non-ferrous decoration
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type 2

Hilt type 2

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 750
Latest date: 849
Decoration? Yes
Materials: Non-ferrous, or overlaid with non-ferrous decoration
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type A

Hilt type A

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 700
Latest date: 799
Decoration? No
Materials: Ferrous only
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type B

Hilt type B

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 750
Latest date: 849
Decoration? No
Materials: Ferrous only
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type C

Hilt type C

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 800
Latest date: 999
Decoration? No
Materials: Ferrous only
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type D

Hilt type D

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 800
Latest date: 899
Decoration? Yes
Materials: Non-ferrous, or overlaid with non-ferrous decoration
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type E

Hilt type E

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 850
Latest date: 899
Decoration? Yes
Materials: Non-ferrous, or overlaid with non-ferrous decoration
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type F

Hilt type F

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 800
Latest date: 849
Decoration? No
Materials: Ferrous only
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type G

Hilt type G

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 800
Latest date: 849
Decoration? No
Materials: Ferrous only
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type H

Hilt type H

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 800
Latest date: 949
Decoration? Yes
Materials: Non-ferrous, or overlaid with non-ferrous decoration
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type I

Hilt type I

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 850
Latest date: 949
Decoration? Yes
Materials: Non-ferrous, or overlaid with non-ferrous decoration
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type Æ

Hilt type Æ

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 1000
Latest date: 1099
Decoration? No
Materials: Ferrous only
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type K

Hilt type K

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 800
Latest date: 899
Decoration? Yes
Materials: Non-ferrous, or overlaid with non-ferrous decoration
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type L

Hilt type L

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 850
Latest date: 1049
Decoration? Yes
Materials: Non-ferrous, or overlaid with non-ferrous decoration
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type M

Hilt type M

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 850
Latest date: 999
Decoration? No
Materials: Ferrous only
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type N

Hilt type N

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 800
Latest date: 899
Decoration? No
Materials: Ferrous only
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type O

Hilt type O

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 900
Latest date: 999
Decoration? Yes
Materials: Non-ferrous, or overlaid with non-ferrous decoration
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type P

Hilt type P

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 900
Latest date: 949
Decoration? Yes
Materials: Non-ferrous, or overlaid with non-ferrous decoration
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type Q

Hilt type Q

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 900
Latest date: 1049
Decoration? No
Materials: Ferrous only
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type R

Hilt type R

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 900
Latest date: 999
Decoration? Yes
Materials: Non-ferrous, or overlaid with non-ferrous decoration
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type S

Hilt type S

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 900
Latest date: 999
Decoration? Yes
Materials: Non-ferrous, or overlaid with non-ferrous decoration
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type T

Hilt type T

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 950
Latest date: 1075
Decoration? Yes
Materials: Non-ferrous, or overlaid with non-ferrous decoration
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type U

Hilt type U

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 900
Latest date: 999
Decoration? Yes
Materials: Non-ferrous, or overlaid with non-ferrous decoration
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type V

Hilt type V

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 900
Latest date: 949
Decoration? Yes
Materials: Non-ferrous, or overlaid with non-ferrous decoration
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type W

Hilt type W

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 900
Latest date: 949
Decoration? Yes
Materials: Non-ferrous, or overlaid with non-ferrous decoration
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type X

Hilt type X

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 850
Latest date: 1100+
Decoration? No
Materials: Ferrous only
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type Y

Hilt type Y

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 900
Latest date: 1100+
Decoration? No
Materials: Ferrous only
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type Z

Hilt type Z

Classifier: Petersen
Earliest date: 1000
Latest date: 1099
Decoration? Yes
Materials: Non-ferrous, or overlaid with non-ferrous decoration
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type Xa

Hilt type Xa

Classifier: Oakeshott
Earliest date: 950
Latest date: 1100+
Decoration? No
Materials: Ferrous only
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type XI

Hilt type XI

Classifier: Oakeshott
Earliest date: 1000
Latest date: 1100+
Decoration? No
Materials: Ferrous only
Description: Coming soon!

Illustration of hilt type XII

Hilt type XII

Classifier: Oakeshott
Earliest date: 1000
Latest date: 1100+
Decoration? No
Materials: Non-ferrous, or overlaid with non-ferrous decoration
Description: Coming soon!

Wheeler types

Illustration of Wheeler hilt types
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Hilt type I

Classifier: Wheeler
Earliest date: 850
Latest date: 1050
Description: Simple "bar" style pommel similar to the short, straight guard.

Large numbers of type I and II have been found in Norway, including a high proportion of single edged examples.

Essentially equivalent to Petersen type M.

Hilt type II

Classifier: Wheeler
Earliest date: 775
Latest date: 949
Description: Clean pointed pommel, with short, straight guard.

Large numbers of type I and II have been found in Norway, including a high proportion of single edged examples.

Similar to Petersen types B, C and H.

Hilt type III

Classifier: Wheeler
Earliest date: 800
Latest date: 999
Description: Three or five lobed pommel, often featuring zoomporphic ends, with short straight guard. The middle lobe is always biggest.

May be considered "normal" in North West Germany and southern Scandinavia in the ninth and tenth centuries. Unusual in Britain, though examples have been found in Norse influenced areas of Scotland and Dublin.

Similar to Petersen types R and S.

Hilt type IV

Classifier: Wheeler
Earliest date: 800
Latest date: 949
Description: Nearly flat five-lobed pommel, usually with straight lower edges and straight guard.

Widespread distribution from Yugoslavia to Norway and Ireland. Probably a Frankish style.

Similar to Petersen type K.

Hilt type V

Classifier: Wheeler
Earliest date: 850
Latest date: 949
Description: High, peaked central lobe, with sharply curving pommel-base and guards.

Examples found in Norway and England have English decoration from the late ninth century. Therefore generally considered an English style.

Similar to Petersen type L.

Hilt type VI

Classifier: Wheeler
Earliest date: 900
Latest date: 1099
Description: Curved guard and pommel base, with three lobes to the pommel.

Characteristically Danish from the tenth and eleventh centuries. The majority of finds are from Denmark, or else the parts of Southern England where Danish royal armies were active in the early eleventh century, such as the Thames).

Similar to Petersen types L and S.

Hilt type VII

Classifier: Wheeler
Earliest date: 850
Latest date: 1049
Description: Almost semi-circular, flattish pommel shaped like a tea cosy, generally with grooves dividing the surface into three parts (reminiscent of Types III and VI).

Found quite widely, especially in rivers along the western coast of France.

Similar to Petersen type U.

Hilt type VIII

Classifier: Wheeler
Earliest date: 950
Latest date: 1249
Description: A simplified evolution of Type VII. The pommel is "walnut shaped". Such swords usually have slender guards, longer than usual and sometimes curving downwards slightly.

Finds are generally from northern and central Europe (rare in Norway). The form continued in use throughout the twelfth century.

Similar to Oakeshott type Xa.

Hilt type IX

Classifier: Wheeler
Earliest date: 900
Latest date: 1099
Description: Another form of Type VIII, keeping the distinction between upper and lower parts of the pommel and with a "cocked hat" lobe.

Much less common than Type VIII; this style became extremely popular in 13th century Germany.

Isn't that nice?